When baking we might get excited about a recipe, however, sometimes we found out that the recipe is asking for a type of flour that we don't have. Good news is that most of the time we have ways to make that flour at home using other ingredients. So, I am sharing with you the most common flours on baking that you can make at home.
Firs Of All What Is All Purpose Flour?
All purpose flour was designed with one thing in mind: to be all purpose. It works for just about every flour-demanding recipe, including bread, cookies, and cakes. While bread flour holds a higher protein content than that of all purpose flour, all purpose flour does contain quite a bit of protein. This allows the flour to remain firm and hold its structure, while still providing the perfect texture for cakes. Whether you prefer organic all purpose flour or regular, all purpose flour was designed to be the go-to flour when baking and it does a pretty good job of it. While specialty flours such as cake flour and bread flour may deliver a better result than all purpose flour, the differences are subtle and hardly noticeable by those enjoying the baked goods!
You can purchase your all purpose flour at your local grocery store, it is very easy to find, so that way you can make any of the other flours we are about to talk about and make.
What Is Cake Flour?
Cake flour is a flour that is very finely milled from soft winter wheat. It has a lower protein content than all-purpose flour, and it is finer, lighter, and softer. It’s also bleached, so the color is paler and the grain is less dense.
Because of the lower protein content, cake flour produces less gluten. When using cake flour your cakes will be:
- With a fine, close crumb
You can use cake flour to bake:
- Scones - Biscuits - Muffins - Pancakes - Waffles - Quick breads
You can purchase your cake flour here or make your own.
1 cup of all purpose flour 2 tbsp of cornstarch
Grab your 1 cup of flour and take off 2 tbsp of it. Now, add the cornstarch and mix.
What Is Pastry Flour
Pastry flour is a low-protein flour designed to make pastries lighter and more delicate than those made with all-purpose flour. It bakes tender pastries, chewy cookies and is an excellent solution for pie crusts. It is typically used for baking when baking powder or baking soda is the leavening agent.
You can use pastry flour to bake:
- Chewy cookes
- Pie crusts
You can purchase your pastry flour here or make your own.
1 1/4 cup of cake flour 1/2 cup + 1/4 cup of all purpose
SELF RISING FLOUR
What Is Self Rising Flour
flour, self-rising flour is made from wheat, although it’s a wheat that is low in protein. Self-rising flour is enriched with added nutrition. It also contains salt and baking powder that has been distributed evenly throughout the flour and acts as a leavening agent. This raising agent helps dough to rise without having to add yeast.
You can use self risingg flour to bake:
- Thick and fluffy pancakes
- Thick and fluffy biscuits
- Some breads
- Pizza dough
You can purchase your self rising flour here or make your own.
1 cup of all purpose flour 1 tsp of baking powder 1/4 tsp of salt
What Is Bread Flour?
Bread flour was designed to be paired with yeast in order to produce the perfect baked good (usually breads). The amount of protein found in bread flour is higher, in order to contain and produce more gluten and achieve the desired rise in bread. Because of this higher protein level, bread flour is able to absorb more liquid, allowing it to hold its shape and rise upward instead of outward. All of these elements create an incredibly sturdy flour that works wonders when used to bake a variety of different kinds of bread. The high amount of gluten in bread flour also creates a more elastic dough, which produces a lighter and chewier bread, as opposed to a bread that is more dense and crumbly.
You can use bread flour to bake:
1 cup of all purpose flour 1 1/2 tsp of wheat gluten flour
Grab your 1 cup of flour and take 1 1/2 tsp off. Now add the wheat gluten flour and whisk.